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    常識積累:元曲四大悲劇,你知道是哪四個嗎?
    http://www.hrbjintong.com       2019-06-01      來源:浙江公務員考試網
    【字體: 】              

      中國古代在不同時期有不同的文學代表作,以唐詩宋詞元曲最為杰出,在元朝時期出現很多優秀的戲曲作品,這些戲曲作品因結局不同也分為悲劇和喜劇。

     

     

      今天浙江公務員考試網(www.hrbjintong.com)為大家總結了元雜劇的四大悲劇考點,希望對大家備考常識模塊有幫助。


      一、《竇娥冤》

     

      全名《感天動地竇娥冤》,關漢卿的代表作。

     

      簡介:全劇四折,寫弱小寡婦竇娥,在無賴陷害、昏官毒打下,屈打成招,成為殺人兇手,被判斬首示眾。臨刑前,滿腔悲憤的竇娥許下三樁誓愿:血濺白練,六月飛雪,大旱三年。果然,竇娥冤屈感天動地,三樁誓愿一一實現。


      二、《漢宮秋》

     

      全名《破幽夢孤雁漢宮秋》,馬致遠的雜劇代表作。

     

      簡介:該劇講述漢元帝派毛延壽去民間挑選宮女,毛延壽借機收受賄賂,中飽私囊。王昭君因不肯向毛延壽行賄,被毛延壽畫丑,因而被打入冷宮。后漢元帝巡視后宮偶然得見王昭君,遂加以寵愛,并封為明妃。毛延壽自知罪責難逃,投奔匈奴,并獻昭君美圖于呼韓邪單于,致使呼韓邪單于向元帝索要昭君為妻,不從則兵戎相見。漢朝文武百官畏懼匈奴,勸元帝忍痛割愛,以美人換取和平。元帝無奈,只得讓昭君出塞,并親自到灞橋送別。漢元帝回宮后,心情無比悲痛。而昭君不舍故國,在漢蕃交界的黑龍江投水而死。

     

      三、《梧桐雨》

     

      全名《唐明皇秋夜梧桐雨》,白樸的雜劇代表作。

     

      簡介:該劇講述唐明皇寵幸楊貴妃,醉生夢死,不理朝政。在長生殿乞巧盟誓,又在沉香亭觀賞《霓裳羽衣舞》。忽報安祿山叛亂,明皇、楊妃倉皇出逃。至馬嵬驛,軍士嘩變,逼明皇賜楊妃縊死。亂后,明皇退為太上皇,日日哭祭楊妃畫像。一夕夢與楊妃團聚,被夜雨驚醒。雨打梧桐,更添明皇郁悶。

     

      四、《趙氏孤兒》

     

      全名《冤報冤趙氏孤兒》或《趙氏孤兒大報仇》,紀君祥的代表作。


      簡介:該劇主要講述春秋時晉國上卿趙盾遭到大將軍屠岸賈的誣陷,全家三百余口被殺。為斬草除根,屠岸賈下令在全國范圍內搜捕趙氏孤兒趙武。趙家門客程嬰與老臣公孫杵臼定計,救出趙武。為救護趙武,先后有晉公主、韓厥、公孫杵臼獻出生命。二十年后,趙武由程嬰撫養長大,盡知冤情,稟明國君,親自拿住屠岸賈并處以極刑,終于為全家報仇。

     

      【刷題鞏固】

     

      【例題】下列不屬于元曲四大悲劇的是()。


      A.《竇娥冤》

     

      B. 《西廂記》


      C.《梧桐雨》

     

      D.《趙氏孤兒》

     

      解析:B。


      此題主要考查考生對于中國戲曲作品的了解。

     

      《西廂記》全名《崔鶯鶯待月西廂記》(簡稱《西廂記》,又稱《王西廂》、《北西廂》)是王實甫的代表作。


      簡介:全劇敘寫了書生張生(張君瑞)與相國小姐崔鶯鶯在仕女紅娘的幫助下,沖破孫飛虎、崔母、鄭恒等人的重重阻撓,終成眷屬的故事。屬于元曲四大喜劇之一。

     

      延伸閱讀:元曲四大喜劇分別為:關漢卿:《拜月亭》;王實甫:《西廂記》;白樸:《墻頭馬上》;鄭光祖:《倩女離魂》。



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