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    人民時評:合力打擊網絡文學盜版行為(申論推薦閱讀)
    http://www.hrbjintong.com       2019-05-13      來源:人民網
    【字體: 】              

      5月13日浙江公務員考試申論時評閱讀推薦:人民網發表題為“合力打擊網絡文學盜版行為”的評論文章,閱讀本文對公務員考試申論寫作能力培養和申論熱點把握有一定的幫助。


      合力打擊網絡文學盜版行為


      近年來,網絡文學在我國蓬勃發展的同時,也面臨著盜版行為的侵害。據有關統計,2018年我國網絡文學因盜版造成的損失高達58.3億元。打擊各種盜版平臺花樣百出的侵權行為,成為網絡文學發展壯大的重要前提。


      與已經在正版化道路上取得很大進展的網絡視頻和網絡音樂相比,網絡文學的盜版難題顯得格外突出。這既與文字作品本身的特性有關,也與新技術發展帶來的挑戰有關。相比視頻和音樂作品,文字作品的存儲空間特別小,即使是長達數百萬字的作品,也只有幾百個千字節(KB)。文字作品對服務器和帶寬的要求也極低,盜版者只需租用一臺小型服務器就能下載成千上萬部作品。尤其是隨著移動閱讀的興起,盜版網絡文學聚合類APP應用的監管難度顯著增大。門檻低、獲利大、打擊難,網文盜版現象因此比較嚴重。


      這幾年,在政府主管部門的持續打擊和業內不斷發起反盜版訴訟之下,盜版現象得到了初步遏制,盜版損失正在快速縮小,網絡文學的版權保護環境有了很大改善。實際上,2018年網絡文學因盜版造成的損失與2017年相比,已經下降了21.6%。盡管如此,對廣大權利人特別是對辛苦創作的網文作家而言,因盜版造成的損失仍然難以承受,營造網絡文學版權保護健康生態的任務依然任重道遠。


      從治理網絡視頻和網絡音樂盜版問題的實踐來看,行政、司法和社會多管齊下、形成合力,是打擊侵權盜版的有效途徑,其中司法保護尤為重要。實踐中,許多權利人即使贏得了訴訟,所獲賠償也難以填平損失。按照現行有關法規,在權利人的實際損失難以確定的情況下,侵犯著作權的最高賠償金額為50萬元。和權利人的損失相比,與不法分子的違法所得相比,這一賠償標準明顯不夠。以2018年安徽破獲的一起網絡文學侵權盜版案件為例,主犯架設了13個盜版網站,上傳盜版文字作品500余萬部,點擊量18.9億次,日均非法獲利近6萬元。截至案發,非法獲利1000余萬元。巨額誘惑面前,不法分子難免鋌而走險,一犯再犯。


      打擊侵權盜版,需要完善版權保護制度體系。當前,網絡文學已成為諸多文化創意產業的源頭,創造的價值越來越大,侵權盜版所造成的損失也水漲船高。如果不從立法層面加大處罰力度,考慮引入懲罰性賠償措施,將不足以對不法分子構成威懾。盜版分子沒有傷筋動骨,改換名頭、換個“馬甲”,還可能卷土重來。除此之外,也應從制度上鼓勵創新、激發原創動力,推動優秀作品創作生產;創新版權治理模式,建立協同治理聯動機制;推動版權信息共享,促進交易平臺透明化等等。


      未來一段時間內,網絡版權保護是版權保護工作的重點和難點。在當前行政執法力度不斷加大、社會公眾的版權意識不斷提高的情況下,有必要進一步加大對網絡侵權盜版行為的查處力度,有效治理各種亂象,從而充分調動創作者的積極性,推動相關產業發展行穩致遠。


      《 人民日報 》( 2019年05月13日 05 版)


      以上就是這篇時評的完整內容,浙江公務員考試網(www.hrbjintong.com)希望這篇時評對考生把握申論熱點問題,提升申論寫作的語言表達能有所幫助。



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